Pitf-man- Robertson Fills The Hunter's Bag
The Day The Possum Is King
Dialogue In A Duel
GEORGIA GAME AND FISH
Published twice annually by the Georgia Game and Fish Commission in the
interest of wildlife and for fishermen, hunters, nature lovers, and conservationists.
STATE OF GEORGIA
" Brags '*«
ERNEST VANDIVER, Governor
William E. Smith, Americus — Chairman, Third District,
J. T. Trapnell, Metter Flannery Pope, Dublin
First District Sixth District
Richard Tift, Albany J. B. Langford, Jr., Calhoun
Second District Seventh District
William Z. Camp, Newnan Harley Langdale, Valdosta
Fourth District Eighth District
C. L. Davidson, Jr. Billy Wikle, Clarkesville
Avondale Estates Ninth District
Fifth District Leonard Bassford, Augusta
Jimmie Williamson, Darien, Coastal Area
FULTON LOVELL, Director
Clifford P. Palmer Enforcement
Jack Crockford Game Management
Bob Short Education and Information
Howard Zeller Fish Management
Robert Busby __License
A. P. Cannon ^Executive Assistant
Vennie M. Jones _ Bookkeeping
George Creal Personnel
FEDERAL AID DIVISIONS
Jack Crockford Pittman-Robertson
Howard Zeller Dingell-Johiwon
IN THIS ISSUE
Pittman-Robertson . . . Fills the Hunter's Bag- _ 4
How to Succeed at Camp Cooking _ 6
The Day the 'Possum is King 8
Hunting Regulations and Bag Limits.. __10
Chattahoochee Forecast-- I I
Hearts of the Hunters 14
Dialogue in a Duel _ 16
Short Casts & Pot Shots __19
What's Ahead for Wildlife Conservation 20
Boating With David Gould _ _ 22
The Hunters' Ethics 2 I
Ranger Bob's Nimrod's Notebook _ 25
Youth Afield 26
Bob( at Saint or Sinner? '2 n
EDITORIAL OFFICES— 401 State Capitol, Atlanta 3, Georgia
Vol. 11, No. 2
Published by the Georgia Game and Fish Commission, 401 State Capitol, Atlanta 3, Georgia, in the interest of Georgia wildlife and for fishermen,
hunters, nature lovers and conservation of natural resources. There is no subscription fee — this publication is free and is paid for by the purchase
of fishing and hunting licenses. Please notify us at once of any change of address. Contents of this magazine may be reprinted with proper credit.
This publication welcomes pictures, drawings, stories and articles dealing with out door subjects for consideration. No contributions will be returned
■elicited by authorized party representing Game & Fish Commission and accompanied by sufficient postage. Entered as third class postage.
PR CELEBRATES 25th BIRTHDAY
The need for adequate financing of wildlife restoration
projects in the United States was forcefully brought to
the Nation's attention by the severe drought of the early
thirties. At that time, the North American waterfowl
population was in extreme danger due to the shortage of
well-watered nesting, breeding and feeding areas. A crash
program by the U. S. Government for the purchase and
development of several million acres of land and water
for waterfowl refuge eased the situation.
At the same time, the States were beginning to realize
more and more that while the responsibility for manage-
ment of waterfowl and other migratory birds rested in the
Federal Government, the States also had a big stake in
the Nation's waterfowl and that each individual State
was solely responsible for management of its resident
wildlife. Unfortunately, most States lacked the necessary
funds for effective wildlife restoration programs. Money
was needed for research, for management, and for the
purchase and development of land and water areas.
This need for additional funds at the State level was
a prime topic for discussion at the first North American
Wildlife Conference held in Washington, D. C., during
February 1936. Congress was then considering the aboli-
tion of certain excise taxes, including that on sporting
arms and ammunition. Farsighted individuals in and
out of Congress, concerned over the future of wildlife
and public hunting, conceived the idea of having the
excise tax on sporting arms and ammunition continued,
but with proceeds going into a special fund to be dis-
tributed to the States to pay for needed wildlife restora-
tion rather than into general funds.
Such a proposal was presented to the International
Association of Game, Fish and Conservation Commis-
sioners at its annual meeting in 1936. The Association
gave hearty endorsement to the proposal, as did the
National Wildlife Federation at its meeting in March
1937. The draft of the original Pittman-Robertson Bill
was prepared by Mr. Carl D. Shoemaker, Secretary of
the Senate Special Committee on Wildlife who also served
as Secretary of the National Wildlife Federation.
The Bill was sponsored in the Congress by the late Sen-
ator Key Pittman of Nevada and Senator (then Repre-
sentative) A. Willis Robertson of Virginia.
The Bill was ably presented and supported and it passed
the Congress without opposition. It was signed by Presi-
dent Franklin D. Roosevelt on September 2, 1937. Many
people were active in supporting the measure as well
as members of the Congress. Chiefly among these were
Mr. T. E. Doremus of the DuPont Chemical Company,
the late F. M. Olin of Winchester-Western Arms Com-
pany, Mr. Charles L. Horn of Federal Cartridge Com-
pany, Mr. M. Hartley Dodge and Mr. C. K. Davis of
Remington Arms Company, and Dr. Ira N. Gabrielson,
Chief. Bureau of Biological Survey.
I he new legislation known as the Federal Aid in
Wildlife Restoration Act, became effective <>n Julv 1.
By FULTON LOVELL
1938. Commonly known as the Pittman-Robertson Act,
the program is administered by the Bureau of Sport
Fisheries and Wildlife of the U. S. Department of the
Under the terms of the Act, project costs are borne
initially by the State game departments. Reimbursement
from Federal funds for completed work is made for the
Federal pro rata share, which cannot exceed 75 percent
of the cost of each project. The States are required to
contribute 25 percent or more of project costs from
their regular funds.
The first funds became available to the States on July
1. 1938. The first approved P-R project was submitted by
Utah for development of its Ogden Bay Waterfowl Area.
During the period July 1, 1938 through June 30, 1961, a
total of nearly $219,000,000 was apportioned to the States
and Territories for wildlife restoration purposes.
Out of the total funds made available since the incep-
tion of the program 20.0 percent was obligated for land
acquisition. 51.4 percent for development of habitat.
23.3 percent for research, and 5.3 percent for coordina-
tion. A total of 2,373,754 acres of land has been pur-
chased by 47 States for wildlife restoration and public
Habitat improvements resulting from Pittman-Robert-
son projects benefitting practically every species of game
animal now cover vast areas of public and private lands.
Land acquisition has made the intensive development
and preservation of suitable wildlife habitat possible and
has contributed greatly to the need and mounting de-
mand for public hunting opportunities as the Nation's
Projects now in operation range from acquisition and
development of wetlands, acquisition and improvement
for farm game, and research of virtually all species d
As Ira N. Gabrielson, President of the Wildlife Man-
agement Institute stated in his book on "Wildlife Man
agement"- "This legislation has produced the first sem-
blance of a national wildlife program in history . . . and
... in fact, as time passes, it appears to be the most
significant conservation legislation thai lias passed the
I !ongress in main years."
Ii should be recognized thai the hunter and the sports-
man through payment <>f excise taxes on sporting arms
and ammunition and 1>\ the purchase of hunting licenses
is responsible for the accomplishments of the Pittman-
Robertson program. Since the hunter pays the bill he is
eniiiled to harvest the benefits— and he does.
Jack Crockford is
Chief of Game Management and
Pittman Roberson Coordinator
for the Georgia Game & Fish Commission
by Jack Crockford
FILLS THE HUNTER'S
Since 1937, sportsmen have been
paying a Federal excise tax of 11
cents on every dollar spent for sport-
ing arms and ammunition. This tax
was levied on sportsmen by an Act
of Congress known as the Pittman -
Robertson Act. It requires the Federal
government to spend this money
strengthening state game conserva-
tion programs. What are Georgia
sportsmen getting for their money?
What are P-R personnel shooting at
with these silver bullets.-' Let's take
a good look at the first twenty-five
P-R funds are apportioned to states
based on area and numbers of paid
license holders on a 75% federal —
25% state share. P-R work began in
earnest after World War II with an
inventory of wildlife resources over
the entire state. It was followed up
with studies on mourning dove, squir-
rel, deer, turkey, quail, ducks, marsh
hen. and all species important to
hunters. Revised habitat improve-
ment practices were proposed and put
into use on Game Management Areas.
P-R enabled Georgia to employ a
staff of trained game biologist- to
conduct these studies.
One of the toughest problems has
been to keep abreast of land use
changes in recent years. A vast acre-
age of corn and cotton lias been
converted into timber production.
This change, along with a stronger ur-
ban living trend, has produced a ma-
jor shift in game habitat. Farm type
game, such as quail and rabbit, are
giving \\a\ to foresl game, such as
deer and turkey. Realizing this. P-R
launched an extensive deer stocking
program. Todaj . there are established
deer populations in all major ranges
in the state capable of supporting
Georgia will rapidly become a ma
jor deer hunting state. Deer popula
lion increases leave little doubl on
This is onlj one accomplishment
of P-R work in Georgia. Other P-R
projects include the following:
Effects of hunting pressures on
deer herds are watched to assure an
adequate harvest and that the re-
source is not over-harvested.
Work has continued throughout the
fire-ant control program to carefully
evaluate its effects on bob-white quail
populations as well as other birds and
Mourning doves and wood-ducks
are trapped, banded, and inventoried
to furnish correct information to U.S.
Fish and Wildlife Service who estab-
lishes the annual hunting regulations.
Inventories continue on all native
game species to determine changes
in wildlife populations and to assist
the Commission in establishing an-
nual hunting regulations.
In 1954. P-R funds purchased ap-
proximated 30.000 acres on the Al-
tamaha River Delta in Mcintosh
County for a waterfowl wintering
ground and public shooting area.
Dikes have been constructed to con-
trol the water level on 6,000 acres,
producing waterfowl food in abun-
dance. The area is open for the hunt-
ing of all game species during the
regular seasons, with the exception
of that portion of Butler's and
Champneys Islands adjacent to U.S.
Highway 17. This portion is closed to
all hunting. The remainder of the
area is open without special permit
during the regular seasons. Much of
this area has been diked and is man-
aged primarily for waterfowl: how-
ever, other game species benefit from
Altamaha is rapidly becoming a
duck hunters paradise. Georgia hunt-
ers should take full advantage of this
vast management area.
Management Area Development
This project provides management
and development of the wildlife man-
agement areas. This is a big job. Some
V> million acres of land are under
management, primarily for big game.
All are open to public hunting and
restoration is carried out when game
populations warrant. This is our larg-
est and most extensive project. Ii
(continued on page 25)
How to succeed at
Experienced Nimrods in the field
agree that sandwiches are good, but
as a steady diet they get tiresome.
Since the better hunting and fishing
sites are usually miles and hours
from commercial eateries, camp cook-
ing is almost a necessity. With a
little knowledge and pre-planning,
camp cooking is a rewarding exper-
ience that every camper should try.
The smell of camp cooking, and the
unique thrill it offers the taste buds
adds a rich accent to the joy of out-
Here are some tips every camper
should pack with his cooking gear.
Experts as well as novice campers
agree that there are two basic types
of camp fires:
those that burn
With the log rest fire
and those that don't burn
A frayed stick makes
a good starter in wet weather.
All outdoor Georgia is abundant
with pine rosin wood that makes a
good starter in w< j t weather.
or the pyramid type fire
Good ventilation is the secret of a
There are several methods of mak-
ing good cooking fires:
If a large skillet is
used the fire should
be sided with stones.
Tin siding, slate or
strip sandstone can
be used for a large
cooking surface to
al cooking utensils.
A split log, staked
in place, is another
are handy where
transportation is no
Oak or hickory make good, slow-
burning cooking fires.
Cranes for holding
water or stew pots
should be made from
green forked sticks.
i i i
i 1 1
i i i
Cooking utensils should be chosen
by considering their weight and bulk
in transportation. If the camp ground
is accessible by auto, there is no
reason for not having all the comforts
of home right down to the cast iron
skillet and ice chest.
or using a pole pegged down or bal-
anced with a rock.
Fried fish is the favorite prepara-
tion in outdoor cooking. Fish such
as small bass, trout or yellow perch
should be prepared whole by scaling
or skinning, drawing and severing
the spine in several places to prevent
curling during cooking.
The strong, fishy taste of large bass
and carp can be eliminated by skin-
ning, soaking a short time in a soda
and water solution, then re-soaking
in a salt and water solution for at
least one-half hour.
Prepare fish such as large bream
id small crappie by splitting.
Prepare fish such as bass, pike,
sucker and catfish as a fillet. Filleted
fish is easy to eat since most of the
bones are removed. In preparing
suckers, a large amount of small pin
bones will remain after preparation.
Sever these bones by making a few
cross cuts with a sharp knife. They
fill fry crisp and can be eaten with
A mixture of milk and beaten egg
is a good batter for fish. Soak the
fish in this mixture then roll in bread
crumbs, flour or cereal crumbs. Fish
should be fried in grease around
Pork, bear and raccoon and several
wild animals should be thoroughly
cooked before eating. Trichinosis, a
muscle parasite can be present in
these animals and transferred to hu-
man beings if these meats are under-
done. Beef and mutton, on the other
hand, can be served as rare as de-
Bacon should be cooked at low tem-
perature until crisp. Rapid cooking
causes it to curl up and not cook
thoroughly. Use absorbent paper to
remove excess grease.
Beef ribs should be seared with a
high heat. This retains the juices and
flavors during cooking. Open-fire
braising should be done with a med-
ium high heat. Braised meat should
be seasoned before cooking and
turned often. Brown pork chops
thoroughly then cook with low heat.
Add water and simmer before serv-
ing for extra tenderness. Hamburgers
should be seasoned before cooking
with a high heat and turned only
The secret of a good steak is very
high heat and quick cooking. The
outside should be seared quickly to
seal in the juices. Just enough beef
tallow to lubricate the skillet is better
than grease. Heat the skillet to a
heavy smoke before adding the steak.
01 . fa
Nothing equals the flavor, aroma
and cheerfulness of hot coffee on a
crisp, early morning outdoors. The
success of many an outing can be
attributed to the coffee pot. Good
strong coffee with a bite to it is a
must around the camp. In the out-
doors, nothing holds a candle to old-
fashioned boiled coffee.
There are as many ways to make
coffee as there are coffee makers.
but five put- waier to one part roller
steep-boiled for fifteen minutes is
standard outd s. A pinch or two of
salt helps and a few egg shells throw n
in will separate the grounds.
Eggs are standard equipment for
campers, and a few boiled eggs can
be found in the pocket of most hunt-
ers and fishermen.
Try this light bacon or mushroom
omelet on your camping trip. Cook
bacon and dry on absorbent paper or
saute mushrooms and stems in butter
until done, drain and set aside. Using
three containers, place whites of eggs
in one, yolks in the second and an
equal amount of heavy cream in the
third. Beat all three with a hand
beater or fork until light and fluffy.
Wash beater between each operation.
Fold cream and whites together,
add yolks and fold with as few strokes
as possible. Add a pinch of sugar for
a brown crust. A pinch of soda makes
a lighter omelet.
Melt a pat or two of unsalted but-
ter and smear over heated surface.
Pour in the mixture and cook until
base is firm but top is still runny.
Add bacon or mushrooms then fold
over to form half circle. Cook until
the middle firms up. Serve with jam.
Patience is a virtue in the outdoors.
Learn how to control the heat of
your fire and give the fire plenty of
time to get hot but not enough to
overheal your cooking. Heat is the
most important element in any cook-
in venture. With practice a sense
of proper cooking temperatures can
\ properly seasoned skillet is an-
other cooking must. To season a
skillet, rlran all packing grease and
oil awa\ with detergent. Heat until
verj hot. thru smear the cooking
SUl Faces W ith a piece of heel tallow .
Beef tallow do,- not heroine rancid
like other oils and is a good rust
Recently the Coweta County 'Pos-
sum Eaters Convention celebrated its
Golden Anniversary at Newnan.
How did they do justice to this
With banquet tables groaning un-
der the weight of hundreds of pounds
of steaming possum and "taters with
all the trimmings — how else?
This unique convention of 'possum-
on-the-platter fanciers developed from
a quiet, informal get-together of two
Newnan citizens back in 1912 to a
present organization numbering al-
most 200 members. This growth has
taken place despite the fact that mem-
bership in the Club is hard to come
by. Before it was moved into larger
facilities, new members were admit-
ted only when a member died or
moved away. Even now applicants
must out-do themselves to show a gen-
uine, lip-smacking passion for this
traditional Southern dish before their
applications will even be considered.
The best way to get a place at the
possum table is to inherit it. Power,
position or influence won't help be-
cause the place cards already read
like the Newnan Bluebook. In view
of the fact that Coweta County is one
of the wealthiest per capita areas in
Georgia, these influential 'Possum
Eaters add real prestige to lowly ole
B'rer 'Possum, and of course, to the
'possum eating cause.
Master of Ceremonies, Rev. R. P. Seegars of West Point (center), verifies membership
by requiring hungry participants to display official sign of the Convention. An opposum
hanging by his tail from a persimmon tree is a traditional sight in Georgia; hooking
little fingers together symbolizes this familiar pose.
The Convention's history is ob-
scured by both legend and enthusiasm
but its beginning is well documented.
Two prominent Newnan citizens, J. A.
Blakely and Henry Richards returned
from a successful opossum hunt and
brought their animals to Bud Gay.
a restaurant operator, for his special
preparation. Inviting three Methodist
ministers to share their feast, hosts
and guests alike agreed then and there
to hold another banquet the next
It was not long until 'possum eat-
ing enthusiasts crowded Bud's small
restaurant to capacity and the Club
was forced to close its doors to hungry
latecomers. Bud Gay became famous
"A dish fit for a king!" Robert McKoon and Henry Chapman think so, anyway. To
these 'possum eaters, the joy of eating the game equals the joy of catching it. This
platter of 'possum, 'taters and Bud Gay gravy disappeared fast when these two sat
down to the banquet table.
for his possum, taters, and Bud Gay
gravy. He continued to serve platters
of 'possum with all his special trim-
mings to these happy few until his
death in 1946.
Most of the old-timers are gone.
bul the tradition of these founding
Possum Eaters lives on. At the rec-
ent Convention, 162 pounds of mouth-
watering roast 'possum and two
bushel baskets of baked sweet po-
tatoes were quickly consumed l>\
eager Eaters - a veritable Georgia
eating org) !
President Bob McKoon. who in-
herited his |iost from his Father iii
1958, says that the Club has never
lost a member except to death and
distance. The loyalty of 'Possum Eat-
ers is truly phenomenal. Through
these 50 years Bud Gay's recipes, a
closely-guardf il secret, has never been
stolen nor duplicated bj an) foi eign
power. This Ioyalt) was best sum-
med up in a poem composed b)
Blakely, himself, who served as Presi-
dent until his death in 1951:
"When 'possums get fat
An 'tatters get sweet,
It's the natural time
'Possum eaters meet."
To understand this deep-rooted
passion for 'possum, one very dis-
tinguished-looking gormet, who had
already cleaned his plate, was asked
for a suitable commenl based on his
He sat back, patted his stomach
affectionately, smiled and drew his
napkin across Ins face. Without hesi-
tation, lie turned and in a surprising!)
commanding voice said :
"Somebod) please pass that platter
back dow n this \\a\ !"
One thing is certain. As long as
there are possum caters in Coweta
County, one da) in each year will be
sel aside for the sole purpose of let-
ting taste buds blossom on fat. juicy
Georgia dove hunters will have a split season for
migatory dove hunting.
The first phase will be open for hunting Sept. 15
through Oct. 14. The second phase opens Dec. 7 and
closes Jan. 15.
Shooting will be allowed from 12:00 noon until sunset.
Daily bag limit for doves will be 12, with a possession
limit of 24.
Georgia's duck season is somewhat different this year.
Hunting gets underway at noon Nov. 21 and extends
through Dec. 30, 1962, for all ducks except canvasbacks
and redheads. Coots are included.
The daily bag limit on ducks (except canvasbacks and
redheads for which the season is closed) is three, pos-
session limit six ducks. The daily bag and possession
limit for coots is six.
The daily bag may not include more of the following
Two mallard or black ducks, singly or in the aggre-
gate of both kinds;
Two wood ducks and one hooded merganser.
The possession limit mav not include more of the
following species than (a) four mallard or black ducks:
(b) two wood ducks and, (c) 1 hooded merganser.
In addition to other bag and possession limits, two
additional scaup ducks are allowed in the daily bag
limit and four additional scaup in possession.
Res- hunting and fishing $3.25, hunting $2.25.
ISon-res. small game $10.25, big and small game
$20.25. Preserve hunting only, non-res. only $5.25.
Archery: Res. $2.25.
Nov. 20, 1962— Feb. 28. 1963. Bag limit 12 daily, 30
Nov. 1, 1962-Jan. 5, 1963 in Screven. Effingham. Chat-
ham, Bulloch, Bryan. Liberty, Evans. Candler, Mc-
intosh, Long, Tattnall, Wayne, Glyne, Camden, Brantley.
Ware, Charlton, Stewart. Marion. Chattahoochee and
Muscogee Counties. Bag limit two for season.
Nov. 20, 1962-Feb. 28, 1963 in Thomas, Grady. De-
catur, Seminole, Baker. Dougherty and Calhoun Counties.
Bag limit two for season.
Nov. 20, 1962-Feb. 28, 1963. Daily bag limit five in
Heard, Coweta, Spalding, Butts, Jasper, Putnam. Han-
cock, Warren, Glascock. McDuffie, Richmond and all
counties north of the above-listed counties. Bag limit for
all other counties will be ten daily.
Oct. 15, 1962-Jan. 31, 1963, except Coweta County,
which will be from Oct. 2, 1962 to Jan. 31, 1963. No
Oct. 15, 1962-Jan. 31, 1963. No bag limit.
Oct. 15. 1962-Jan. 5, 1963. Bag limit three daily.
Oct. 15. 1962-Jan. 5, 1963, in Harris, Talbot, Upson.
Monroe. Jones. Baldwin. Hancock, Warren, McDuffie.
Richmond and all counties north of the above-listed
Opening date Nov. 1, 1962-Jan. 5, 1963, in all re-
maining counties. Bag limit ten daily in all counties.
Nov. 1, 1962-Jan. 5, 1963, in Echols, Clinch, Charlton.
Ware, Brantley, Camden, Glynn, Wayne, Mcintosh, Long.
Liberty, Bryan and Chatham. No bag limit. All other
counties in state closed.
Nov. 1, 1962-Nov. 15, 1962— Gilmer. Murray, Fannin.
Union. Lumpkin, Towns, White, Rabun, Habersham.
Stephens, portion of Banks County lying north of Ga.
Hwy. 51, Talbot, Henry. Butts, Monroe. Jasper. Jones.
Putnam. Baldwin, Greene. Hancock. Warren, McDuffie.
Columbia and portion of Morgan county lying south of
U.S. Hwy. 278, and portion of Lincoln county lying
south of U.S. Hwy. 378. and portion of Wilkes county
lying east of Ga. Hwy 47 and south of US. Hwy. 378.
Bag limit one buck only with visible antlers.
Nov. 1. 2. 3. 1962— Paulding, Dade. Walker, Chattooga.
Floyd. Polk, and Haralson Counties. Bag limit one buck
with visible antlers.
Nov. 1. 1962-Jan. 5. 1963— Muscogee, Stewart, Chat-
tahoochee. Marion. Glascock, Jefferson. Screven, Bulloch.
Effingham. Tattnall. Evans. Bryan. Chatham. Liberty.
Long. Mcintosh. Wayne, Glynn. Brantlev. Camden, Ware.
Charlton. Clinch. Irwin and portions of following coun-
Emanuel county — portion lying east of U.S. Hwy. 1
and north of U.S. Highway 80. Tift County — portion ly-
ing east of U.S. Hwy 41 and north of U.S. Hwy. 82.
Echols County — portion lying east of Alapaha River.
Washington County — portion lying east of Ga. Hwy. 15
and north of Ga. Hwv. 24. Burke County — portion lying
east of U.S. Hwy. 25. Bag limit two bucks with visible
Nov. 1, 1962-Jan. 3. 1963, Candler County, each Thurs-
day only. Bag limit one buck with visible antlers.
Nov. 1, 1962-Jan. 5, 1963, Baker, Calhoun, Dougherty,
Grady, Thomas, Decatur and Seminole Counties. Bag
limit one buck and one doe or two bucks.
The total bag limit for deer must not exceed two deer
per hunter during the 1962-63 season. The killing of more
than two deer per hunter is a violation of regulations.
Bows for the purpose of taking deer are legal during
the regular hunting season and must have minimum
recognized pull of 40 pounds. Bows must be unstrung
when transported or possessed in or upon motor vehicle.
Archery license is required for the hunting of game with
how and arrow.
By Malcolm Edwards
Georgia National Forests
Signs predicting a good hunting season are as welcome to
the wildlife biologist as to the hunter. One of the most im-
portant signs is the mast crop. An abundance of red and
white oak acorns, hickory nuts, dogwood, and black gum
berries are signs of good hunting. In the Chattahoochee, all
these are in good supply, except hickory nuts. The first
bumper crop of oak mast in several years is rapidly maturing.
The mast crop looks particularly good in the vicinity of Brass-
town Bald, Suches, Duncan Ridge, and the Cohutta Mountains.
Both "bitter" (red oak) and "sweet" (white oak) mast
are present this year. Deer will invariably take either
white or chestnut oak acorns first. Sweet mast is usually
gone by December, and they turn to bitter mast during critical
late winter. For this reason, Forest Service standards insist
on trees of both groups being grown. Locate a patch of white
oaks which are bearing and you should find plenty of deer sign.
National Forest official Art Grumbine (left foreground) has a look at the buck taken by a party of Brookton, Georgia, hunters.
Mrs. Fred Fields of Brookton, Georgia,
proudly displays a Georgia buck taken on
Chattahoochee National Forest.
Deer can make out without mast, but
a plentiful supply of this high-protein
food fattens deer so that they will
usually bear twin fawns rather than
one. or none. The mast crop's effect
is important to the hunter's harvest.
The hunting season is set to coincide
with rutting time because bucks are
moving during the day. Activity at the
rutting season depends to a great
extent on the weather and the physi-
cal condition of the deer. A good mast
crop results in a vigorous rutting
season and a much higher kill. Deer
are too numerous in several places,
so be sure to turn out for the "any
deer" hunts set by the Game and Fish
Wild turkey, another Chattahoo-
chee favorite, is on the increase. Wild-
life Rangers and Forest Service work-
ers report big increases in many
places. Elm spanworm, which has
damaged so much timber, furnishes a
readily available supply of food and
is believed to be partially responsible
for this upswing.
The weakest link in the life chain
of wild turkey is the period when
flightless poults are being led around
by the hen searching for insects. Pre-
dation is very high at this time. Even
so, next spring's gobbler hunts should
Grouse hunting is a fast growing
North Georgia sport. Many hunters
have just discovered this fine game
bird, although residents have always
hunted them. Local hunters report
a record population. Some good
grouse ranges are Brasstown Bald.
Soapstone Creek. Corbin Creek, Tal-
lulah River. Duncan Ridge. Copper
('reek, and the Cohutta Mountains.
After a trip or two, most hunters
quickl) recognize a place that looks
"grousy." One tree usually found in
the better grouse cover is black birch.
Grape\ ines. evergreen cover of rhodo-
dendron, laurel, hemlock, beach and
maple, are usually favorites with
A good dog helps. Grouse are skit-
tish and w ill run. so a careful "single
type dog is best. Any dog will some-
times Hush wild. One piece of advice
for grouse hunters is to always hold
your gun at ready.
Our lop forest game animal popu-
larity-wise is the squirrel. Unfor-
tunately, poor mast crops of the past
several years has caused a squirrel
shortage. Squirrels are scarce and
just how fast they will build up is a
matter for conjecture. However,
squirrel hunting prospects are better
this season and should be excellent
next year. Some species have had
tough sledding on the Chattahoochee
for several years. But there is a pro-
fusion of food available now. Grapes,
black cherries, sassafras berries, dog-
wood berries, mountain ash, and all
types of acorns are plentiful. By
searching out white oak acorns, a
persistent squirrel hunter should have
plenty of shooting, and he'll prob-
ably locate a good deer stand in the
[continued on page 24)
Dogwood berries are fine wildlife food. Good mast and other wild-
life food production this year indicate an excellent hunting season.
Mr. and Mrs. Fred Fields of Brookton, Georgia, enjoy a hunting-camping visit to
the Chattahoochee National Forest near Suches, Georgia, on Rock Creek.
The only big game hunting that hundreds of thousands
of able-bodied men do and ever will participate in, and
some women too, is the quest of the Whitetailed Deer.
Under efficient game management this species has in-
creased to the point of becoming a hazard to motorists
in some suburban areas, and counties now are open
that have not had a deer season for 50 years or longer.
With the exodus to the woods in late fall there inevitably
follow the headlines: Ten Hunters Die from Heart Attacks
Such startling statements are indisputable. Their omi-
nous portent warrants further inquiry, because from sta-
tistical methods it is possible to derive ridiculous con-
Are They Hunting Fatalities?
If a man garbed in hunting clothes while driving to
or from a deer habitat succumbs to a heart attack, he is
considered by the press as a "hunter death." The same
man on another day traveling the same route as a sales-
man and afflicted in like manner would be reported as
an "unfortunate death." Surprisingly enough, 26 per
cent of heart attacks occur during mild physical activity
such as driving a car or normal housework.
If the hunter stopped at a motel enroute and expired
during the night, he would be among the ten hunter
deaths reported for that week. But evidence supports the
fact that 23 per cent of coronaries occur during sleep,
and 40 per cent from 9 p.m. to 6 p.m. when the average
hunter is engaged in nothing more strenuous than holding
four aces or bending an elbow. Rest, the panacea for all
ills, is exactly what 27 per cent of patients were engaged
in when they get their heart attacks. If our hunter was
sitting quietly on a stump near a runway and his athero-
matous plaques of long standing suddenly occluded a
coronary vessel, he too would be among the maligned.
From the foregoing we deduce that three fourths of all
coronaries occur while the patient is asleep, resting, or
engaged in mild activity.
But what about the Herculean efforts of the hunt dur-
ing inclement weather? The slogging through marsh,
over hills, the battle through brambles which leaves one
bowed, breathless, and fatigued; the jangling of adrenals
with every questionable moving shadow and snap of
twig? Alas, only two per cent (sic) of heart attacks are
accompanied by severe physical activity. And moderate
activity as performed in the building trades was the effort
extended when ten per cent of the patients were struck.
The innocuous automatic activity of walking was the
pursuit of 13 per cent of heart attack cases.
To gather for several days to a few weeks lOO.OOO men
whose ages range for the most part from the late 30s
through 60s clad in red or yellow with firearms in hand,
and extrapolate this figure into a recognizable community,
it then becomes a city of at least half a million inhabi-
tants. Coronary deaths occur in such communities with
methodic frequency each week of the year, and there lies
no public cognizance of this except for an occasional
outstanding citizen. But the autumnal headlines will have
When Emergencies Arise
Cardiac emergencies arise in the field as well as else-
where, but their diagnosis and treatment are more diffi-
cult at certain times. Often a seemingly healthy patient
asks his physician for a few simple rules by which he
could recognize a coronary in himself or his hunting
companions. He knows of the pain and radiation in the
left shoulder and arm. He knows too that what often
appears to be a gastrointestinal upset may be more ser-
ious than that. Deep boring, unremitting pain sub-
sternally persisting for hours indicates to him grave
condition. These findings assocated with pallor, sweating,
and uneasiness indicate the onset of shock, especially if
the pulse becomes rapid and thready.
It is mandatory now for the afflicted to remain at rest,
being made as comfortable as conditions permit. Above
all. he must be kept warm. To walk for aid or exert any
physical effort with such findings is to trudge to almost
certain death. The Finnish lumberjacks, rugged woods-
men that they are, were recently studied in this respect,
and the deaths or serious complications were in direct
relationship to the activity expended, as in walking, after
the onset of coronary symptoms. Witness too the number
of silent coronaries found by ECG or autopsy examina-
tions. The patient's past history after careful interroga-
tion may reveal that persistent neuritis in the left arm and
hand years ago; or an upset stomach that lasted a week;
perhaps that painful pluerisy in the middle of the chest
long ago could be the clue. Yet these patients remained
at rest for a number of days or weeks, had no doctor, and
probably used some nonspecific home remedies, and
eventually recovered from their attacks.
In the field when a coronary is suspected, the prime
consideration is to combat shock. Absolute rest is impera-
tive. Move the patient only if this can be done by litter
and with no physical expenditure on his part. Aid must
be sought with dispatch. If the distances are great, medi-
cal aid and appropriate transportation must be brought to
In every deer hunting area there lives the almost legen-
dary septogenarian who has put venison on the table for
many years. He no longer joins in the drive across the
lower 40 but sits quietly upon a stump. And there he
probably will die.
1 . An ordinary dog, out for an afternoon stroll
2. Spies a young doe, taking it easy in the sun
3. The dog gives chase and soon overcomes the deer . . .
4. And then the fight begins . . .
5. Dumbfounded and tired, the deer is no match
6. And is soon overcome by the hungry pack
7. A pathetic cry seals the deer's doom.
The biggest problem confronting Georgia's deer managers is
wild and free-running dogs. These vicious killers, most of them
abandoned by their owners, take more deer every year than all
hunters combined. What can be done about it? This is the serious
problem. Dog owners should keep their animals penned as much as
possible. Unwanted pets should be given to Humane Societies or
some other organization with facilities to care for or dispose
of them. Until wild and free-running dogs are under control,
Georgia's wildlife population cannot reach its full potential.
DEPARTMENT OF CONSERVATION ITEMS AND FIELD NOTES
Compiled by Bob Short
Three healthy Georgia bucks have landed their owners
in the Boone and Crocket Club, a world-wide organiza-
tion dedicated to accurate record-keeping and trophy
All of the prize deer came from middle Georgia, which
is without doubt one of the finest deer hunting areas in
Virgil Avant bagged his entry in Jones County with a
shotgun in 1956. The animal, now in possession of Tom
Folds, scored 174 Boone and Crocket system points.
Robert M. Simmons of Macon bagged a 10-point buck
in Jones County that scored 161 Boone-Crocket system
points and John R. Bennett scored 151 points with another
10-pointer that came from Monroe County.
A Game and Fish Commission employee, Game man-
agement chief Jack Crockford, is a region judge for
Boone and Crocket. Another local representative and
judge is Walter J. Shaffer. 10 Park Lane, N.E., Atlanta,
Both Mr. Crockford and Mr. Shaffer can judge and
measure trophies. Hunters who desire their services
should contact them and make arrangements to have
their trophies judged.
The Game and Fish Commission Information and
Education division will soon embark upon a youth edu-
cation program for grade and high school children.
Details on the program are available now from the I&E.
401 State Capitol. Atlanta. Ga. All interested FFAers.
4-Hers and school teachers are invited to inquire.
# * *
Cedar Creek Area
The Slate Piedmont Game Management Area has a
new name. From now on, it will he known as the Cedai
Creek area. This is a welcome change, since hunters
(and others) always confused the state's Piedmont area
with the federal Piedmont Wildlife Refuge. Cedar Creek
is one of the state's finest deer areas.
The Izaak Walton League again is sponsoring a do-it-
yourself program to restore landowners' confidence in
America's hunters. It's called Hunt America Time.
The program is in two parts. One effort is directed at
hunters. Izaak Waltons encourage hunters to be law
abiding, respect the rights and property of others and
use extreme care with fire and firearms.
Judging from the amount of mail on the subject,
hunters should heed the message and make every effort
to save hunting by cooperating with landowners.
•X- * *
The Georgia Game and Fish Commission has denied
a request by Fort Stewart's fish and wildlife association
to open the military reservation for doe hunting this
Commission Director Fulton Lovell said strong public
protest from counties that border the military installa-
tion is one reason for the denial.
Lovell also pointed out that the request came to the
Commission's attention too late for action this year.
(Continued on page 30)
1. Killed by Virgil Avant, 1956, in Jones County with shot-
gun. 1 74 points Boone & Crockett system for world record list-
ing. 2. Killed by Robert M. Simmons, 1960, in Jones County
with 30-06 Rem. Pump. 161 points, B&C. 3. Killed by John
R. Bennett, 1960, Monroe County, with Model 70-. 243. 151
points, B&C. 4. Killed by Fred Greene in Jones County, 1961,
with 30-06. 5. Killed by Jimmy Toolsby, 1961, in Jones Coun-
ty, with 16 go. slug. 6. Killed by Victor Simmons, 1961, in
Jones County, with 30-06. 7. Killed by Tommy Bilderback,
1959, in Jones County, with 7.7 Jap (note long freak tines on
back of each main beam).
A peek at what's ahead in
By FULTON LOVELL
This is a particularly significant time for all of us.
Georgia has decided its fate for the next few years and
the horizon looks bright.
The State has gone through the long count-down. Now,
it's ready for the lift-off.
Especially is this true in the field of wildlife conserva-
The success or failure of any wildlife conservation pro-
gram is measured by the sportsman's harvest.
Using this formula as a yardstick, the Georgia Game
and Fish Commission's program has enjoyed another
year of phenomenal success.
Game management . . . fish management . . . research
and development have all shared the limelight.
But. what's done is done.
What's ahead is of greater interest at the moment.
Game and fish conservation in Georgia is taking a new
look to keep in step with the times.
With a stable wildlife population now a reality, the
Game and Fish Commission intends to re-evaluate the
changing needs of recreation and bring into focus new
trends in leisure living in Georgia.
These trends indicate greater activity and more demand
for outdoor recreation.
The increasing pace accelerated by space age ingenuity
and technical progress insures outdoor recreation of
increasing popularity. And, as greater numbers of people
flock outdoors, the problems for wildlife conservationists
become more complex.
The role of the Game and Fish Department has been
determined by this trek to the out-of-doors. The die is
Unlike the past, the job of the Game and Fish Depart-
ment is neither to prohibit mass enjoyment of sports
afield b) over-regulation, nor to allow the public to run
roughshod over each other and public facilities.
We have geared our program to meet these problems.
We are exploring every avenue to provide additional
outdoor recreation space. We know the row. Now, we're
going to hoe it.
Presently, Georgia has over one-half million acres of
land under managemenl for controlled hunting. But this
will fall short of the needs within the next decade. If
we are to continue to provide Georgians with good
hunting conditions in years to come, we have no other
alternative except to expand game management onto
Realizing this, the Game and Fish Commission has
plotted its course. We're on target.
Within a short time, announcements of several coopera-
tive agreements with large landholders in the state will
almost double Georgia's present public hunting areas.
This comes on the heels of the most widespread deer
stocking program in Georgia's wildlife history.
A few months ago, the Game and Fish Commission
released some 680 whitetail deer in depleted areas
throughout the state.
Within the next five years, there will be deer in every
Georgia eounty capable of supporting and sustaining
We will not fail the hunters of Georgia who have given
us faith and cooperation.
Much has been said recently about the lack of natural
areas, nature centers for youth, convenient and unspoiled
places for our seniors citizens to hunt and fish and sani-
lar\ areas for campers, nature lovers and picnickers.
We do not propose to fail these Georgians, either.
The first positive step in this direction has ahead \
been taken. The Game and Fish Commission has developed
a recreation site at its High Falls center to accommodate
all outdoorsmen. regardless of their particular interests.
For the fisherman, there's a well-stocked lake where
angling success has been phenomenal. For the camper,
there are sanitary campsites with garbage cans and clean
toilets. For picnickers, there arc modern, clean picnic-
tables sel in scenic surroundings. And. for those who
want nothing more than to admire nature, there are nature
trails for hiking.
To insure proper utilization of this area, the Commis-
sion has highly-trained biologists and technicians as well
as field management personnel. They're hard at work
every day to give nature an assist toward producing
peak populations of game and fish.
But, we don't propose to stop here.
By utilizing funds set up by the federal government,
an additional 200 thousand dollars have been made avail-
able to the Game and Fish Commission for development
of High Falls.
Under the same Area Redevelopment program, federal
funds, matched by state monies, will finance the con-
struction of another much needed trout hatchery.
This new hatchery will not only permit the Commission
to increase the fish population of existing streams, but
also enable us to stock additional waterways capable of
supporting this lively and popular fish.
We have been assured of matching funds to pay the
state's share of this joint investment by Governor Ernest
We will not fail the fishermen of Georgia, either.
Our programs of walleye stocking, sauger stocking,
reservoir research, watershed investigations, pollution
investigations, rough fish control programs, channel
catfish releases and many other projects insure Georgia
fishermen of a shorter time between bites in years to come.
To make recreation more pleasant for water sports
enthusiasts, the Game and Fish Commission will work
toward the creation of more access roads, more public
docks, more launching ramps and safer conditions on
Georgia's lakes and streams.
We will not fail you in our efforts to keep Georgia's
water clean for recreation and industry.
What this state needs is a positive water pollution
policy, backed up with muscle and money.
Clean and useable water is essential for the well-being
of every single Georgian, not only for recreation but for
the everyday essentials of life.
Every bit of pollution that makes its way into the lakes
and streams of Georgia robs our people of economic gain.
Georgia will not continue to grow under these con-
We are expanding our program tc
recreation in Georgia's coastal area.
For the first time in history, the Georgia Game
Fish Commission has employed a marine fisher)
ologist along Georgia's coast.
The duty of this technician will be, not only to insure
saltwater fishing success in the future, but also to stud)
recreational needs unique to Georgia's coast and institute
programs to place Georgia foremost in the sport of salt-
In addition, the Commission will utilize ever) possible
media to attract more people to Georgia's ideal coastal
recreation and vacation advantages.
We will not fail the coastal sportsman.
Nor will we fail the future.
We realize that every year brings more and more
Georgians into outdoor sport activities. This is true,
especially, with our young people.
To best conserve our natural assets, it is necessan
that our young people go into the outdoors with the
proper spirit of cooperation and with a complete knowl-
edge of their responsibilities.
This is advantageous, not only for the Game and Fish
Commission, but for every single Georgia hunter and
We will not fail to provide leadership for future
m*a*G& -~|j| -
^^mK$N"K*j&****@ t ** -
*)t *4W$r ""'• ^ ___^^^^H
The Game and Fish Commission, through its publie
relations program, lias already undertaken a three phase
training program for youngsters.
The program consists of:
(ionises in nature study to give young Georgians
basic knowledge ol wildlife and wildlife needs and how
nature maintain!- her balance.
Courses in conservation projects, such as habitat resto
ration, for both game and fish.
\nd. encouragemenl and assistance in establishing
junior conservation clubs with the cooperation of hunting
clubs and sportsmen associations.
Georgia is generoush ble.-sed with Nature'* bounties.
Lei us join hands and dedicate ourselves to make Georgia
trul) a land <>f milk and hone) for relaxing in the great
with David Gould
WINTERIZING YOUR BOAT AND MOTOR
The 1962 boating season has ended and soon thoughts
will turn toward warm, springish weather. But. unless
boaters have taken the proper precautions about storing
their boats and motors, spring may bring bad news.
It's a good idea to have a marine dealer inspect your
boat and motor after a season's use. Better still, it's wise
to go one step further and have him store it for the
winter and return it in the spring, tuned-up and ready
In case you prefer to winterize the boat yourself —
a growing number of boaters do — here are some tips that
will enable all boaters to be ready to go in the spring.
If your motor has been used in salt water, it should
be run a short time in fresh water before putting it
away for the winter. Although modern motors are built
to resist salt water corrosion and deposits, an internal
flushing will remove all danger of rust. A cloth dampened
in fresh water will remove any salt deposits from exterior
parts of the motor.
DRAINING MOTOR AND COOLING SYSTEM
It is mandatory that all fuel be drained from the
motor and the cooling system to be given a draining and
The best way to drain fuel from your motor is to dis-
connect the fuel line, and let the motor run until the
carburetor is emptied. This can be done the last time the
motor was used in the water — be sure to think of this
next year. Also, remember to clean the fuel tank before
storing the motor.
To drain the cooling system, take the motor out of the
water and place it in an upright position. Give the starter
rope several pulls to remove all water from the pump
and cooling passages and eliminate the possibility of it
freezing during cold weather and cracking the block.
CLEANING FUEL FILTER
You should clean the fuel filter by removing the filter
bowl and wiping it out. Clean the filter element and
the bowl with benzine or clear gasoline. This precaution
will prevent the formation of gum deposits.
CLEANING SPARK PLUGS
Be sure. too. to remove and clean all the spark plugs.
While the plugs are out, squirt some good lubricating oil
into the cylinder opening and at the same time rotate the
flywheel manually. The oil will then be distributed evenly
over the cylinder walls, pistons and rings and danger
of condensation and formation of rust lessened.
Internal parts may also be protected by injecting lub-
ricating oil directly into the carburetor through the re-
movable button on the air silencer. Again, give the
starter rope several slow pulls.
PROTECTING THROTTLE LINKAGE
Protect all throttle linkage from possible rust or cor-
rosion by applying a coating of grease to moving part?-.
To drain the gear case, remove the drain plug on the
motors skeg. Drain the case completely and refill with
the type of outboard gear oil recommended by the manu-
INSPECT THE PROPELLER
Don't forgel to inspect the propeller. II it is bent or
broken, lake il to a marine dealer for repair or replace-
ment. Although a propeller may not appear to be badly
damaged, close inspection may reveal that it is out of
pitch, a condition that can cause poor motor performance.
CLEANING THE EXTERIOR
Be sure to clean the exterior of your motor. Thorough!)
clean the entire motor with a damp cloth. After it dries,
go over the lower unit with a soft cloth to which a few
drops of oil have been applied. The motor hook is best
protected by polishing it with a good auto wax.
STORING BOAT AND MOTOR
A clean, dry storage place is a must for storing your
boat. Try to avoid areas of excessing dampness and dust.
The motor should be stored upright on a stand or rack
that is off the floor.
Don't cover the motor with a material that will seal
the moisture in. It's far better to leave it uncovered
completely. Dust can be removed much quicker than rust
caused by moisture trapped inside the covering.
Here are a few points to remember when putting
your boat away:
Remove all gear to keep excess weight out of the boat.
If it is stored on a trailer, release the transon hold-
downs and the winch rope to avoid unnecessary pres-
sures. Be sure that the weight of the boat is resting on
the tongue of the trailer and the transom support. If
the rollers are pushing up against the boat bottom, the
boat can easily develop a hook which can seriously affect
The trailer should be blocked up to keep the weight
off the tires. It's a good idea to remove the wheels and
inspect the wheel bearings. If water has slipped past the
seals, the bearings will be susceptible to rust. Remove
and thoroughly clean the bearings and repack with
the proper type of lubricant.
By following these procedures you will avoid costly
repair bills and when spring rolls around, you'll be all
set to take to the water.
on Boats Registered in 1960
Thirty-five thousand Georgia boat owners must re-
register their boats during the next two months or lose
their present numbers, the Game and Fish Commission
Commission director Fulton Lovell said existing regis-
tration numbers will not be held open later than Dec. 31.
Boaters who do not w i-h to be assigned another numbei
should re-register before the deadline.
Georgia s motorboat law requires re-registration of all
boats with motors in excess of 1(1 horsepower even three
years. Dee. 31, 1062. is the upcoming deadline.
Lovell said all boats originally registered in I "it' 1
must re-register before Dee. 31. Boat owners who
registered their craft in L961 have until Dee. 31, 1963, to
reclaim their present numbers.
Applications for re-registration nun be obtained from
hunting and fishin" license dealers throughout Georgia,
or from the Game and Fish Commission's boat registration
division, 101 State Capitol Building, \tlanta, Georgia.
Lovell said all applications and mone) orders should
be mailed to the Commission's boating division.
THE HUNTER'S ETHICS
By JOHN MADISON and ED KOZICKY
In hunting, as in everything else,
there are givers and takers, some
men give advantage: others take it.
The "giver" respects and cherishes
the game he hunts and takes it in a
sporting manner — offering it advan-
tage — or doesn't take it at all. He
puts his own comfort and enjoyment
second to that of his companions, and
makes an effort to learn the life ways
and needs of wildlife to the end of
making himself a better hunter or
conservationist. He's the guy who may
take a neighborhood kid out plinking.
or spend the last day of his vacation
hunt trailing a crippled buck.
The "taker" is self-centered to a
fault. He may not obviously violate
the hunting ethic by hogging game or
shooting birds on the ground, but he
feels obligation only to himself.
None of us is perfect. In some re-
spects we're all "takers" and have field
traits which offend our partners or
aren't fair to the game we're hunting.
The fact is, a few small faults in a
partner help cushion our own. A
Jones cap is more becoming to a
hunter than a halo.
But a high personal ethic is re-
flected in a sincere respect for others'
property - - whether it's a borrowed
knife or a borrowed game covert —
and for others' rights. The knife is
rarely borrowed, for a genuine hunter
knows that hunting gear is as personal
as a man's toothbrush. But anything
he must borrow is returned in top-
notch condition, and is borrowed only
once. The same respect is shown
borrowed hunting country. The
"giver" knows that trespass is often
regarded as a personal insult by land-
owners, and he does not use a man's
land without his permission. He also
feels that finding a place to hunt is
his own duty, and not that of the
government or of friends.
It is sometimes necessary for the
giver to take, but when he does so he
responds with genuine gratitude and
usually some token of appreciation. If
granted permission to hunt on private-
property, he feels obligated to repay
lliat favor in some way — maybe an
off-season visit, a dinner invitation or
some personal letters. And if friends
share their favorite hunting grounds
with him, he returns in kind.
This basic consideration is also di-
rected toward the game he hunts. The
"giver" will go to any end to recover
crippled game, and lost game is a blot
on his conscience. Game brought to
bag is promptly and carefully pro-
cessed to insure high table quality and
no waste. It isn't donated to a neigh-
bor's garbage can, uncleaned and
maybe even tainted. When the ethical
hunter makes a gift of game — which
he may rarely do — he gives the best
birds and choicest cuts to people who
will appreciate them. He regards both
friends and game too highly to treat
either with disrespect.
The ethical hunter's interest is not
a sometime thing that blossoms only
in October. He has a solid stake in
hunting that manifest itself in all sea-
sons, for he feels obligated to pay in
some measure for the enjoyment he's
had during the hunting season. Maybe
he joins spring planting programs
of his local sportsmen's club, or rides
herd on legislation, or is active in
youth training program.
Gun safety is a religion with him.
He "knows the gun" and makes no
unreasonable demands of it. He knows
its capabilities and how to use it
safely, effectively and mercifully. He
is often an all-season shooter who
takes pride in his gunning, not only
for shooting's own sake but as an
effort to harvest game cleanly. He
invariably keeps a hunting dog, know-
ing that such a dog will reduce
crippling losses of game and add im-
measurably to the sport.
Such a man gives much to the men
who hunt with him. the boys who are
influenced by him. and to the game of
hunting itself. And in giving advan-
tage rather than grasping it selfishly,
he richly rewards himself as well.
The authors are with the conservation
department of the Olin Mathieson Chemi-
cal Corporation, East Alton, Illinois.
* * *
The woodcock never sees what she
eats. By driving her three inch bill
into the mud, her highly sensitive tip
feels earthworms upon which she
(continued from page 13)
Lake Burton — 15,000 acres in the
Chattahoochee National Forest in
Rabun County. Open for deer hunt-
ing and spring gobbler hunting.
John's Mountain — 22,000 acres lo-
cated in Gordon County. Recently
stocked with deer and turkeys, it pro-
vides excellent hunting for both spec-
Blue Ridge — 15,000 acres in the
Chattahoochee National Forest. Ex-
cellent deer and spring turkev hunt-
ing. Small game abundant.
Chattahoochee — 35.000 acres in the
Chattahoochee Natitonal Forest in
White County. Excellent deer and
small game hunting.
Wanvoman — 15,000 acres in the
Chattahoochee National Forest in
Rabun County. Excellent deer hunt-
ing and small game.
Lake Russell — 18,000 acres in Hab-
ersham and Stephens. Beautiful Lake
Russell, located in a valley between
scenic mountains, harbors an abun-
dance of deer and small game.
Camping is permitted on all game
management areas. Hunters are in-
vited to set up camp in designated
Wildlife rangers are always on
hand during managed hunts to help
hunters to select camping sites and
offer advice on the best places to
hunt. Special hunts are held on many
of the areas for archers. Areas and
dates of the hunts are always an-
nounced by the Game and Fish Com-
December is set aside as small game
hunting month on many of the Game
and Fish Departments game manage-
During that month. squirrel,
grouse, raccoon, opossum and rabbit
hunters are given an opportunity to
pursue their favorite game in some
of the best habitat to be found any-
Because they are intensively man-
aged by game technicians, small game
animals are abundant in game man-
agement areas and a hunting trip into
an) one of the open area- usuallv
pav s off for hunters.
Pittman-RobertSOn (Continued from page 5)
includes all phases of development
activities. Small game and waterloul
are produced in quantity on many of
Wildlife Trapping and
This project furnishes brood stock
of deer and turkeys for management
areas. P-R has trapped and restocked
on carefully selected sites, over 2,100
white-tailed deer and 100 wild
Farm Game Habitat
Initiated on July 1, 1943 for res-
toration and development of farm
game habitat, this program consists
largely of the distribution of planting
materials to farmers, landowners, and
other people interested in setting up
a farm game management program.
Planting material consists of Bi-
color lespedeza seedlings and an an-
nual seed mixture of several choice
quail foods. These materials are
available in limited quantities during
January or February; however, ap-
plications must be made with the
local Wildlife Ranger prior to No-
Ten investigational studies arc I ic-
ing conducted to obtain answers to
management problems of keeping
abreast of trends in game population
conditions. These studies include
work in wildlife diseases. Little has
been known previously of most wild-
Effects of hunting pressures on
deer herds are watched to assure an
adequate harvest and that the re-
source is not over-harvested.
Work has continued throughout
the fire-ant control program to care-
fully evaluate its effects on bob-white
quail populations as well as other
birds and animals.
Mourning doves and wood-ducks
arc trapped, banded, and inventoried
to furnish correct information to
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service who
establish annual hunting regulations.
Inventories continue on all native
game species to determine changes
in wildlife populations and to assist
the Commission in establishing an-
nual hunting regulations.
These P-R projects have been a
boon to Georgia hunters in the past
and will continue to do so in the
future. It can be said that Pittman-
Robertson does, indeed, help fill the
NEED TO KNOW
Opening dates begin with sunrise
and closing dates end at sundown on
It is unlawful to hunt in Georgia
while under the influence of any in-
Each Deer and each Wild Turkey
killed must be reported in writing to
the Georgia Game and Fish Commis-
sion within five (5) days.
Firearms for Deer are limited to
shotguns loaded with slugs or No. 1
buckshot or larger, or to rifles using
any center fire cartridge .22 calibre
or above with the following excep-
tions: .25-20: .32-20; .30 Arm) Car-
bine: .22 Hornet or .21!! Bee.
It is illegal to kill or possess the
meat of an) female deer, except in
counties where the taking of doe is
When hunting rabbits, squirrels,
opossum, raccoon, it is unlawful to
use or have in possession for the
purpose of so hunting shotgun shells,
if using shotgun larger than size
No. 4 shot, or if hunting with a rifle,
shells larger than .22 calibre.
Regulations on Migratory Game
such as Doves, Ducks, Geese, Brant.
Rail and Coot are the same as Fed-
eral Regulations, which must be pub-
lished as soon as established.
Regulations as to hunting, trap-
ping and fishing in the Management
Area of the- Chattahoochee National
Forest, arc promulgated jointly by
Federal and State authorities and will
be published when established.
Shotguns must be plugged to limit
then to a capacit) ol 3 shells on
both Native Game Birds and \nimal-
and Migrator) bird-.
Hunting hours- Sunrise to Sunset.
Exceptions Raccoons, Opossum and
One of the several thousand non-
fatal hunting casualties last year was
a youngster showing sonic ol bis
friends how he shot himself the year
before with a .22 rifle. This time he
used a shotgun and put a chilled bud
of No. 6s into his right foot.
Almost all hunting accidents are
the results of situations that could
have been avoided. When you go
afield, live by the 10 Command-
ments of Safety:
1. Treat every gun with the respect
due a loaded gun.
2. Guns carried into camp or home,
or when otherwise not in use,
must always be unloaded, and
taken down or have actions
open; guns always should be
carried in cases to the shooting
3. Always be sure barrel and action
are clear of obstructions and
that you have only ammunition
of the proper size for the gun
you are carrying. Remove oil
and grease from chamber before
4. Always carry your gun so that
you can control the direction of
the muzzle even if you stumble;
keep the safety on until you are
ready to shoot.
5. Be sure of your target before you
pull the trigger; know the iden-
tifying features of the game you
intend to hunt.
6. Never point a gun at anything
you do not want to shoot; avoid
all horseplay while handling a
7. Unattended guns should be un-
loaded; guns and ammunition
should be stored separately be-
yond reach of children and care-
8. Never climb a tree or a fence or
jump a ditch with a loaded gun:
never pull a gun toward you by
9. Never shoot a bullet at a flat,
hard surface or the surface of
water; when al target practice,
be sure your backstop is ade-
10. \\oid alcoholic drinks before
or durins -I ting.
Things to do in winter
Winter is a wonderful time of the
year for many interesting things to
do. It is also a time when young
people can be great assistants to
nature in helping her perform many
of her chores. When the weather is
unusually severe we have nice warm
homes and schools to go to and plenty
of food in the kitchen. But outside,
our wildlife friends must bear the full
force of winter and the hard condi-
tions it brings. Most of them have
warm fur coats, thick layers of in-
sulating fat, or other means of pro-
tecting themselves from the winds
and snow, but no grocery stores or
food lagers to rely on for food sup-
plies. This is especially true among
the bird family.
Why not help nature feed the little
birds during the long winter? You
will be greatly rewarded by the many
beautiful songs and colors of all
kinds of birds that will be attracted
to your feeders.
So many different kinds of bird
feeders may be built that we are
not listing materials and procedures
for each type. These are several dif-
ferent kinds, all of which can be
built from easily obtained materials,
at home or at school.
The window shelf, No. 1, can be
built as plain or as fancj as you
want it. A roof can be put over it to
keep off rain and snow, or the shelf
may be protected by a window awn-
ing. The weathervane feeder, No. 2,
if mounted so that it can turn freely,
will be turned by the wind so that
the closed side is always toward the
wind, so that the birds may feed in
the sheltered space.
For birds that eat insects and other
animal life, suet is a good substitute.
Put the suet in a wire holder No. 6,
or a knitted bag, No. 4, and suspend
from a branch, clothes line, or other
support. Or put the suet in a piece of
hail screen attached to a tree trunk
or pole, No. 3.
Self feeders like No. 5 are ex-
cellent for birds that prefer grain or
weed seeds. You can think of several
other kinds of bird feeders. All sorts
of boxes or containers can be used.
Do not paint the feeders — birds seem
to feel more at home with weathered
wood than with painted wood.
Other even simpler feeders are
possible. For example, you may drive
several large nails through a board
and fasten the board, with nails pro-
truding, to a pole or tree. Suet balls,
apples, slices of bread, pieces of meat,
or other food may be stuck on the
protruding nails. Suet balls are made
by kneading together equal parts of
mixed grain and ground suet, and
molding the mixture into balls about
two inches in diameter.
Bird feeders serve to attract birds
to the home or school yard where the
children may watch them at close
range. The kinds of birds that use
each type of food provides an inter-
esting study. In severe weather the
lives of many birds may be saved by
large juice can
Select an empty juice can that has
both ends in place. Using tin snips,
cut an opening in the side of the can,
and remove the tin. This opening
should be about three inches wide
and extend almost the full length of
Make a hole in each end of the can.
With wire cutters, cut a coat hanger
in two and place the cut ends in the
holes made in the ends of the can.
Hook the end of the coat hanger
over a bush low enough for rabbits
to reach the food placed in the can.
A variety of food can be put in the
Children can feed the rabbits,
especially when the ground is covered
with snow. Keeping food out for
rabbits may keep them from barking
young trees and rose bushes.
coffee can or any flat bottom
can with straight sides
steel tape or plastic rule
board, 6 x 12 inches or so
Fasten the can to the board by
driving nails all around the outside
of tlic can. being careful not to make
an) holes in the can. Place the board
with the attached can in an open
space, being careful to have the board
level. To measure the rainfall, place
one end of the tape or rule against
the bottom of the can, being careful
to hold the tape or rule upright; read
the number and fractions of inches at
the water mark.
Children will be able to keep rec-
ords of the rainfall, and to compare
the amount of rainfall with that of
other localities and stations.
2 one-quart Mason jars
2 Kerr jar rings
1 can black enamel
I paint brush
solder and flux
With sandpaper clean the top sur-
face of the Kerr jar rings. Apply flux-
to the surface of the jar rings. Solder
the tops of the two jar rings together.
Care should be taken to keep the tops
of the rings together as the solder
melts and flows between the tops
surfaces before it solidifies. Snap
clothes pins will help to hold the lids
securely as they are being soldered.
Paint one jar black. When dry
screw the black jar in one of the
rings and the clear jar in the other.
Half gallon jars which have the
same mouth size as the Kerr jar rings
may be used if a larger container is
This piece of apparatus will allow
children to observe behavior or in-
sects or other small animals in re-
sponse to changes in temperature, or
to light and darkness. Many other
types of observation can be made by
New Public Hunting Area Open
A 28,000-acre public hunting area
for small game in Bartow and Chero-
kee counties opened this fall.
Twenty-four thousand acres of the
land are a part of the timber lands
owned by Georgia Kraft Company,
and the remaining 4,000 acres are
owned by the U. S. Army Corps of
"The multiple use of Georgia Kraft
Company timberlands is an impor-
tant contribution to the people of
Georgia, particularly at a time when
public recreation participants are
overloading public recreation facil-
ities," Lovell said.
The area will be managed by Com-
mission wildlife biologists, who will
work to increase small game yields
through a program designed to fit in
with the prevailing forest manage-
Mr. E. V. McSwiney, vice president
of Georgia Kraft Company, has ex-
pressed his company's pleasure with
the agreement in accordance with
Georgia Kraft Company's policy of
multiple use of company-owned forest
Mr. McSwiney said that "timber
crops are not the only benefit from
company-owned forests, but hunting,
fishing and other recreational activi-
ties are also important products of
I hoc land> in Bartow and < ihei o-
kee counties are a part of Georgia
Kraft's woodlands operations in Geor-
gia and Alabama. Georgia Kraft Com-
pany, one of the largest paper board
manufacturers in Georgia, operates
mills at Macon and Rome.
Operations were begun in Georgia
in 1948. Over 100 professionally
trained foresters supervise Georgia
Kraft's wood procurement and wood-
lands program, promoting and en-
couraging forest conservation and
proper land use on private land- as
well as practice of good forestry on
the company's timberlands.
Mr. Jack Crockford, chief of game
management for the Commission, said
thai the area will be open for public
hunting in accordance with state
hunting regulations, and hunters may
seek all types of game that have an
open season in the counties involved.
Furthermore, it is not necessary for
a hunter to make prior arrangements
or to secure a special permit for
hunting on these lands. All hunters
using these areas are urged to stay
within the marked boundaries and be
extremely careful with fires.
The State Game and Fish Commis-
sion will provide the necessary game
management development on the land
and carry out the necessary enforce-
ment work in exchange for these pub-
lic hunting rights.
Complete information about this
new public hunting area, which will
be open during the regular state hunt-
ing season, is available from any
wildlife ranger or from the State
Game and Fish Commission office in
. . . the yardstick for your Wildlife Administration
One of the Georgia Game and Fish Commission's pri-
mary purposes is to produce the maximum number of
wild game species for hunters and still maintain sufficient
brood stock for perpetuating the species. The best way
to judge the success of the season is an annual estimate
of the wildlife harvest.
The knowledge of the yearly take of game birds and
mammals means the same to wildlife management as
the volume of sales does to business.
One out of every twenty sportsmen in Georgia will
receive a game harvest questionnaire from the com-
mission requesting information on his hunting activities.
Three and one-half year old,
285 pound buck deer killed
by Dr. C. T Rainey on No-
vember 4, 1962 in Greene
County, Georgia. Dr. C. T.
Rainey is a staff member of
the Department of Clinics
and Medicine at the Univer-
sity of Georgia's School of
This questionnaire will be the method used to estimate
the annual take of wildlife to insure wise management
and wise use of license fee funds.
The animals being investigated are deer, turkey, quail,
rabbit, squirrel, mourning dove, ducks and geese. Sports-
men are requested to give, by counties, their total kill
and days hunted for each species. Through modern statis-
tical methods, the total kill can be estimated.
The number of people to receive questionnaires in each
county will be in proportion to the total sales of licenses.
This information will determine where sportsmen are liv-
ing in relation to the game species hunted.
Obviously, where the sportsman lives is not enough.
In recent years, the hunting population has changed.
Many people have moved to the cities. But each year
they go hunting. But where do they hunt and what? The
knowledge of the distribution of hunting pressure for
game species taken is of paramount importance. This
information will help to insure properly regulated harvests
of your wildlife resources. Also, new restoration and
development projects can improve hunting for the pre-
ferred game near the sportsmen.
All sportsmen can help. Encourage everyone receiving
a questionnaire to return the desired information soon.
It does not matter how much or how little you have
hunted. Each questionnaire received is of equal impor-
tance. A high response is needed to achieve our goals.
We hope you are willing to help.
HOW OLD IS OLD?
One man's middle age is another's youth, the saying
goes. This is especially true among the various species of
animals. While most realize giant tortoises reach a pretty
ripe old age (circa 150 odd years/, it is a bit startling to
find out swans have lived as long as 102 years. In the in-
terest of curiosity everywhere, the Winchester News
Bureau gives us the following information:
Parrot (B) .__ 80
Elephant (M) _ 69
Grt. Horned Owl(B) 68
Snapping Turtle (R)_ 57
Eagle (B)_ 55
Giant Salamander I A ) 55
Horse (M) 50
Hippopotamus (M) 19
Chimpanzee (M) 40
Toad I \ I 36
Grizzl) Bear (Ml 32
Bison (M) 30
Lion (M) 30
English Sparrow (B)
Mountain Lion (M)_
) I'll IS
Wolf (M)_ 16 *M — Mammals; B — Birds; R- Reptiles; A — Amphib-
Squirrel (M)_. - 16
Chipmunk (M) 12
Box Turtle I R
(Note: These examples of old age have been chosen from
the reliable records of zoos and aquariums all over the
world; it is entirely possible certain species have achieved
and do achieve older ages in their native environment.)
Is the bobcat a saint or a sinner?
Studies at the Cooperative Wildlife
Research Unit at Auburn indicate he
is both. While he has been known
to feast on livestock and poultry, the
bobcat also eats such farm economic
pests as rats and mice.
Often called the "wildcat," the bob-
cat probably occurs throughout Geor-
gia. It lives in mountain areas,
swamps, fields, and forests. Trapping.
hunting, and poison campaigns have
failed to exterminate this cunning
Food recovered from stomachs of
1 15 bobcats between 1947 and 1951
provide a clue as to the cat's eating
habits. As shown on the accompany-
ing chart, rabbits provide 61.1% of
the volume <>f food for bobcats dur-
ing the \car. The rabbit was the bulk
ol fin id 1 1 ii the cat in every month
of the year.
Deer provided I 1.5' < of the food.
Den are eaten mosl frequently in
Januar) and February. No deer meal
was found in bobcats stomachs from
May through August. Most of the
deer eaten by the bobcat may consist
of dead or wounded animals, since
this food item was usually consumed
during and following the hunting
Contrary to expectations, wild
turkey was found in only one stom-
ach. Quail was found in only two
stomachs and made up less than 2%
of the diet. Domestic chickens were
found in three stomachs, for a total
percentage of 3.5. Remains of one
mallard duck, several song birds, and
one hawk were found. Squirrels made
up 4.3% of the bobcat's food and
were eaten most frequently in Decem-
ber, January, and February. Rodents,
including rats and mice, made up 5' <
of the diet. These were eaten in the
greatest numbers from June through
August. Raccoons and possums con-
stituted I..')', of the diet.
These eating habits put the bobcat
in both good and had brackets. Cer-
tainly, he is not as "black" as often
65. 1 %
(Continued from page 19)
Fort Stewart is a 279,000 acre reservation near Hines-
ville. Some 600 deer were harvested on the installation
Lovell said the denial in no way eliminated the possi-
hility that the Fort may be opened for doe hunting in
the near future.
Lovell said an education program is needed to teach
sportsmen that deer herds must be controlled by an
adequate annual harvest.
* # *
If you're in the market for a good buffalo steak — you
can get one from the U. S. Government.
A total of 233 buffalo, 75 elk and 137 longhorn cattle
were sold from three federal refuges in Oklahoma, Mon-
tana and Nebraska recently.
In case you want to get in on next year's sales, here
are the prices:
Buffaloes went for $180 each on the hoof. Butchered
elk sold from $110 to $145. Prices on longhorns varied.
* * #
The old saw about big lures catch big fish is a common
enough expression around the tackle counter. But how
true is it, particularly in today's era of tiny cheese baits
for trout and poppin' bugs for bass.
Some energetic fishing folks put their heads together
on the subject and came up with some interesting obser-
vations that suggest this bit of "country wisdom" might
have considerable merit.
First off, they admit, fish are not prone to follow any
rule that might be devised, and that a great many fish
seem to go out of their way to be the exception. But.
it was agreed, under given conditions the largest fish
would be taken by larger types of lures and baits. Some
( 1 ) That in day-in-day-out fishing, a large minnow
would produce more fish than a smaller one, and it
would attract more of braggin' size.
( 2 1 That the cold water species such as lake trout
and deep running rainbows would respond to large
spoons, streamer flies and lures quicker than their pygmy-
sized cousins. In this category, it was noted that a goodly
gang of spinners, shiny eels and other odds of flashing
hardware preceding the barbed attractions seemed to en-
hance the delectible qualities of the offering.
( 3 I The clincher, perhaps, came in discussing the pop-
ularity of black lead heads with pork rind which are used
so successfully in taking lunker bass in the south. This
combination, working even during the dark of the moon,
totals up to eight or nine inches in length, but seems to
be just the ticket for the voracious largemouth.
Now, watch the fish prove 'em wrong.
Small Game Hunts
Georgia's wildlife refuge management areas will open
loi small game hunts on Fridays and Saturdays Decembei
7 through December 29.
Deer hunting on all management areas will be
on November 19, 20, and November 22 through 24.
Bag limit will be one buck deer with visible antlers.
An "any deer" hunt is scheduled for the Blue Ridge.
Chattahoochee, Chestatee, Lake Burton, Clark Hill and
Cedar Creek (old Piedmont Area) game management
areas on November 26.
Due to the small size of the Clark Hill area, permits
will be limited to 150, and will be available on a "first
come, first served" basis.
One of the most confusing conservation laws to be
enforced in recent years is the regulation against shooting
doves over bait.
The puzzling part of the law has been the interpreta-
tion of exactly what constitutes a "baited field."
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service last year issued a
bulletin giving an interpretation of baiting regulations.
Hunters may shoot:
( 1 ) Over grain fields seeded in a normal agricultural
( 2 ) Over standing crops.
I "> I Over flooded standing crops of grain or other feed,
I I I Over grain crops properly shocked on fields where
(5) Over standing grain or other feed crops grazed
by livestock. An example of this is a hogged down corn
(6) Over grain found scattered as the result of normal
(7) Over weed fields, pasture lands, wooded or other
areas where salt, grain or other feed has not been
scattered or deposited so as to constitute a lure or attrac-
tion for such birds.
( 8 1 Over fields where grains or other crops have
fallen to the ground from natural causes.
(9) Over burned areas from which crops have been
removed, or on which no agricultural grain or seed crops
were grown during the current year.
(10) Over farm ponds or other water areas which
have not been baited.
* * *
The three areas where it is illegal to hunt migratory
game birds are:
( 1 I Over bait — or by means, aid and use of bait — or
on or over any areas where grain, salt, or other feed
capable of luring or attracting such birds is placed, de-
posited, distributed or scattered except as the result of
a normal agricultural planting or harvesting.
(2) Over feed lots where grain is present as a result
of feeding livestock.
(3) Over arras where grain crops have been cut down,
dragged down, knocked down, burned over or otherwise
manipulated and left on the ground.
All deer hunters agree that the real thrill in hunting
is bagging a buck, but those who have enjoyed properly
cooked venison around the campfire — or in the luxury
of their dining room — know that eating it is equally as
When you bag your buck — and your chances are
greater than ever nowadays - - try this deer hunter's
delight. It's called deer loin steak.
Cut a slice of deer loin an inch and one-half thick.
Place it in the skillet with one tablespoon of butter. Cook
the loin five minutes on each side, then reduce the heat.
Add a glass of port wine and simmer for 20 minutes and
you have a real deer hunter's taste treat.
* -X- *
Patience is a virtue in deer hunting. It's been proven
that the hunter who selects a stand and sticks with it is
the one who gets the best shots. The hunter who stalks
the wily buck sees more deer but gets less shots — and
worse shots — than the still hunter. The hunter who uses
dogs gets the least and worst shots of all.
A buck deer is a very wary animal. Don't be dis-
couraged if you see plenty of does but no bucks. Just
remember that, during rutting season, bucks are cautious
and seldom seen, not nearly as frequently as does. Nature
intended it to be that way.
So, if you see only does on your next hunt — be patient.
Probably she's serving as an advance guard for a wily
buck and your quarry is somewhere around.
OUR PUBLIC LANDS
Celebrating 150 years of public land management, the
Federal Bureau of Land Management's quarterly maga-
zine, Our Public Lands, highlights the activities of the
Bureau of Land Management, which is responsible for
administering 167 million acres, some 20 per cent of the
land area in the United States. The Bureau has charge
of such varied activities as sales of oil leases for sub-
merged lands off Texas and Louisiana, and control of
forest fires in vast areas of Alaska.
The 32-page special edition (April, 1962) printed in
two colors, is available from the Superintendent of
Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington 25.
D.C. Single copies are 15 cents, and one-year subscriptions
are 60 cents.
DEER'S DEATH 'PUZZLES" OFFICIALS
Wildlife officials couldn't understand how Mrs. Bertie
Hell Miller and three (if her friends "held a deer to death."
Mrs. Miller, age 15. was picking cotton in a field near
Norwood when her husband, Ruben, was attacked by a
buck deer. Mrs. Miller rushed to her husband's rescue,
but the enraged deer turned on her and knocked her
Then. Bertie Bell said, she and her husband and [WO
Friends, Annie Howard and Baulice Franklin, both ol
Norwood, grabbed the deer and "held" it to death.
State Game and Fish Director Fulton Lovell said the
deer died of strangulation.
3 aiDfl DMSSM DM7b
In keeping with the season, here are some mouth-water-
ing recipes for deer, duck and rabbit. Successful hunters
should try these delicious dishes.
Stuffed Venison Shoulder
Venison shoulder, boned
1 cup chopped ham
1 cup bread crumbs
V2 teaspoon salt
Ys teaspoon pepper
1 carrot, sliced
Vh teaspoon paprika
1 onion, minced
Small can mushrooms
1 clove garlic, minced
1 cup white wine
Bone shoulder. Stuff with ham, bread crumbs, salt,
pepper, paprika. Sew the shoulder. Braise with carrot,
onion, mushrooms, garlic, white wine. When done, drain
fat. brown flour, thicken sauce.
Rabbit, Camp Style
2 tablespoons lemon juice
2 tablespoons butter
1 teaspoon lemon juice
Salt and pepper
V2 cup white wine
1 tablespoon parsley, chopped
Skin, clean. Wipe with lemon juice. Rub with pepper.
Cut into small serving pieces. Brush biscuit pan with
melted butter. Add meat. Put over hot fire. Cook ten
minutes. Salt well. Turn and cook 8 minutes on the other
side. Add 1 teaspoon lemon juice, salt, white wine. Heat
2 minutes. Serve. Skim off excess fat. For gravy, thicken
with flour and water paste, add 1 tablespoon chopped
parsley, let it come to boil and serve.
2 wild ducks, 2 to 2V2 pounds (dressed weight !
Garlic salt and pepper
4 sprigs parsley
1 lemon, halved
6 slices bacon
V2 cup beer
1 1 cup dry mustard
1 •_> teaspoon accent
2 tablespoons so\ sauce
1 cup apricot preserves
I tablespoon lemon juice
I teasp 1 grated orange peel
1 1 cup butter, melted
Sprinkle dink- inside and out with >alt and pepper.
Place 2 sprigs parsle) and 1 •_> lemon in cavit) of each.
Covei breasts with bacon and fasten with string. For
Cantonese sauce, stir beei into dry mustard. Stir in
remaining ingredients except butter and heal in double
boiler over ho) water. Place ducks breasts up in a baking
pan. Roast in preheated 350 degree oven 15 minutes pei
pound, basting frequentlj with butter and once with
Cantonese sauce. Carve duck-. Serve with white rice,
remaining Cantonese sauce and ale or beer. Make- I
A CLEAN CAMP
IS A HAPPY
LENGTH OF SAPLING
7" BY 2" FOR
COAT AND HAT HANGER
YOUR SOAP IS
3/16" IRON ROD LAID ACROSS
TWO LARGE STONES M.AKES
A HANDY COOKING GRATE
IF THERE ARE NO STONES
DIG A SHALLOW TRENCH
THIS HANDY ITEM WILL SAVE
A FEW SINGED FINGERS
CRANES AND POT-HOOKS
SALT AND PEPPER CONTAINER
MADE FROM PIECE OF BAMBOO
A FIRST AID KIT IS
A MUST IN CAMP
BEFORE LEAVING A CAMP BE SURE YOUR FIRE IS DEAD OUT!
Georgia Game and Fish Commission
412 STATE CAPITOL BUILDING
34.66. P. L. 8. R.
Tn* University libraries
The Ifiodversity of Georgia